Wednesday, February 15, 2012

The Future of Urban Mobility: Towards networked, multimodal cities of 2050

Arthur D. Little
October 2011

Management consultancy Arthur D. Little’s new global study of urban mobility assesses the mobility maturity and performance of 66 cities worldwide and finds most not just falling well short of best practice but in a state of crisis. Indeed it is not putting it too strongly to say that many cities’ mobility systems are standing on a burning platform and if action is not taken in the very near future they will play a major role in slowing the growth and development of their host nations.

What is needed is innovative change. This report highlights what is holding them back, showcases best practice and identifies three strategic imperatives for cities and three clusters of future business models for mobility suppliers that will enable cities to meet the urban mobility challenge.

Arthur D. Little assessed the mobility maturity and performance of 66 cities worldwide using 11 criteria ranging from public transport’s share of the modal mix and the number of cars per capita to average travel speed and transport-related CO2 emissions. The mobility score per city ranges from 0 to 100 index points; the maximum of 100 points is defined by the best performance of any city in the sample for each criteria. In addition the study reviewed and analysed 39 key urban mobility technologies and 36 potential urban mobility business models.

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Tuesday, February 14, 2012

Share the road: Investment in walking and cycling road infrastructure

United Nations Environment Programme
Division of Technology, Industry and Economics
Energy Branch
Transport Unit
Share the road initiative

‘Share the Road’ is a UNEP initiative, developed with the FIA Foundation for the Automobile and Society. It brings together the environment and safety agendas in the context of urban transport in the developing world where the majority of people – those moving by foot or bicycle – are disadvantaged on the road. The overall goal is to catalyse policies in government and donor agencies for systematic investments in walking and cycling road infrastructure, linked with public transport systems.

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Latin America and the Caribbean: Environment outlook


Over the past 12 years, within the GEO framework, UNEP has produced a series of global integrated environmental assessment reports aimed at providing comprehensive, scientifically credible, and policy-relevant assessments on the interaction between environment and society. In line with its core mandate of keeping the global environment under review, UNEP has developed a series of extensive consultative and participatory processes that have led to the production of four volumes of the comprehensive Global Environment Outlook (GEO). In Latin America and the Caribbean, this regional focus was designed both to adapt the generalizations of the global assessment to the considerably different environmental, political, economic and cultural realities of the LAC region, and to support regional, national, local and thematically focused groups to use the same methods to assess their immediate concerns. As with its global cousin, GEO-LAC aims to provide scientifically credible, policy-relevant, up-to-date assessment of, and outlook for, the state of the environment in Latin America and the Caribbean, using the GEO conceptual framework and process refined by UNEP over the past 12 years. As result, GEO analysts provide an impartial, scientifically sound analysis of the state of the environment, major impacts, drivers and options for action for decision makers and other regional actors concerned with the state of the environment. In addition, it analyses a number of possible scenarios. The groups that the GEO LAC report aims at reaching are policy makers, especially the LAC Forum of Environment Ministers and their advisors; scientists; activist civil society organizations, especially, indigenous people, youth, environmental NGOs, and business. The GEO process has many elements. It supports multi-stakeholder networking, provides a platform for the exchange of knowledge, promotes intra and inter-regional cooperation in identifying and addressing key environmental issues and concerns and builds capacity at many levels. Meeting users needs cuts across all elements of GEO outputs.

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Ciudades del automovil, obesidad y cambio climatico

Enrique Jacoby
CarlosFelipe Pardo

Slow Research
Discusiones Contemporáneas #1

Agosto 2010

Ciudades del automóvil, obesidad y cambio climático: se alinean las crisis y también las soluciones. Una publicación de Slow Research, por Enrique Jacoby y Carlos Felipe Pardo. La Red Activa celebra el lanzamiento de este primer número de la serie "Discusiones Contemporáneas" (agosto 2010). Un documento para políticas públicas visionarias, con un rol importante de la ciudadanía para enfrentar las crisis del siglo XXI

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Friday, February 3, 2012

The health benefits of transport projects: A review of the World Bank transport sector lending portfolio

Background Paper for the IEG Evaluation of World Bank Support for Health, Nutrition, and Population
Peter Freeman and Kavita Mathur
IEG Working Paper 2008/2
World Bank

The transport sector plays a crucial, overarching role in the global economy: it facilitates access to jobs, education, health care, markets as well as for social and leisure activities. Yet, transport also has detrimental impacts on the environment and on human health, and this can result in conflicts in the formulation and application of transport policy. While traffic injuries, fatalities, and annoyance from transport-related noise have long been identified as negative externalities, there has been increasing evidence in the past decade of direct effects of transport-induced air pollutants on mortality and respiratory disease. The adverse impacts of transport on health are worse in developing countries than in industrial countries, as resources are more limited, regulatory controls are often inadequate and poorly enforced, the transport fleet tends to be older and technically more inefficient, the population is generally less educated, and transportrelated law enforcement is frequently inadequate.

This paper reviews the contribution of the World Bank’s transport lending portfolio to health outcomes, as background for the Independent Evaluation Group’s (IEG) evaluation of the Bank’s support for health, nutrition and population(HNP). Over the past decade (FY97-06), the World Bank committed nearly $28 billion to 229 new transport projects managed by the Transport Sector Board (TSB). Specifically, the paper reviews the extent to which these projects: cite potential health benefits or risks in design documents; include specific objectives with respect to improving health outcomes or mitigating health risks; propose environmental improvements that are likely to provide health benefits; target transport services and both health and behavioral outcomes to the poor; and plans to collect evidence on changes in health outcomes as a result of transport interventions. For completed projects, it assesses the extent to which expected health
benefits or objectives have been achieved.

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