Wednesday, December 21, 2011

Transport, trade and climate change: Carbon footprints, fuel subsidies and market-based measures

Joachim Monkelbaan
International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development
Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development - BMZ
Working paper
November 2011


International transport, be it by ship, airplane, train or truck, is essential for international trade and to global economic development. However, transport is at the same time the fastest growing source of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.

The objective of this paper is to examine the viability and potential effects of different actions that Germany and the European Union (EU) can take to curb the growth of GHG emissions from the international transport sector. It analyzes different options that policy makers have available to reduce transport induced emissions. In doing so, this paper takes the impacts on trade, especially for developing countries, into account. The overarching question that is reverberates throughout this paper is: what are the advantages and disadvantages of different measures that Germany and the EU can take to limit emissions from trade-related transport?

Bajar documento

Plus: Annex I: Carbon footprint of some chilean exports

Friday, December 16, 2011

Intelligent governance of large urban systems

Vol 13 Nº 3
Networks industries quarterly
September 2011


For the first time in history, a majority of mankind are living in cities. While the continuous flow of technological innovations goes a long way in solving some of the pressing issues brought by this massive urbanization, the “software” required to adequately address this radical transformation - the institutional framework - often lags behind. Fortunately, as this edition of NIQ shows, multiple initiatives including an active involvement of the citizens have been undertaken to tackle some of the challenges.

Content:
- Cognitive cities and intelligent urban governance
- New challenges in the evaluation of Smart Cities
- Intelligent governance of large urban systems: What is at stake regarding transport issues?
- Comparative performance assessment of Smart Cities around the North Sea basin
- SCRAN: Assembling a community of practice for standardizing the transformation of eGovernment services
- Supporting sustainability through smart infrastructures: the case of Amsterdam
- Innovative ICT solutions for monitoring and facilitating international trade

Acceder al documento

Thursday, December 15, 2011

St Gotthard: The world's longest railway tunnel - Promoting the transfer of freight traffic from road to rail

Florence Pictet
PIARC
RR349-076
2011


Register before downloading documents

Download document

French version: St Gothard : le plus long tunnel ferroviaire du monde pour encourager le transfert du fret de la route au rail

Emerging problems, potential answers offered by logistical platforms

DEBAUCHE Wanda
PIARC
2005
A logistic platform is a transshipment area where, ideally, at least two transport modes are connected. The concentration of transport-related companies inside a logistic platform promotes synergy and overall efficiency. However, this needs an integration process that is planned and enforced in cooperation with all the companies and involved local authorities.

Bajar documento

Plates-formes logistiques : problèmes nouveaux et solutions possibles

Wednesday, December 14, 2011

Traumatismos causados por el tránsito en el Perú: ¿Dónde estamos y hacia dónde vamos? - Número especial Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública

Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Publica
vol.27 no.2
Lima junio 2010


El reconocimiento de los traumatismos causados por el tránsito como un problema de salud pública viene tomando fuerza en los últimos años (1,2). La Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública no es ajena a este progreso y dedica este número especial de la Revista a dicho tema. Incluso la terminología utilizada comúnmente, “accidentes de tránsito”, es una barrera para lograr comprender las distintas aristas de este problema. En contraste, el término “traumatismos causados por el tránsito” fue ampliamente adoptado en el Informe mundial sobre prevención de los traumatismos causados por el tránsito, elaborado por la Organización Mundial de la Salud en el año 2004 (1). El uso, para algunos inadecuado, del término accidentes de tránsito, limita la comprensión de lo mucho que se puede hacer para prevenir estos eventos. Dado el uso cotidiano del término “accidentes de tránsito” en nuestro medio, y a fin de generar familiaridad y contribuir en el uso adecuado del término “traumatismos causados por el tránsito”, en este artículo se usará, en la medida de lo posible, este último. Este editorial no intenta reflejar una revisión de lo publicado sobre el tema en nuestro medio; en cierta medida este número especial, a través de sus distintas contribuciones, reflejará la evidencia disponible sobre el tema en el país.

Editorial

Traumatismos causados por el tránsito en el Perú: ¿Dónde estamos y hacia dónde vamos?
Miranda, J. Jaime; Huicho, Luis

Artículos de Investigación

Perfil epidemiológico de los accidentes de tránsito en el Perú, 2005-2009
Choquehuanca-Vilca, Víctor; Cárdenas-García, Fresia; Collazos-Carhuay, Joel; Mendoza-Valladolid, Willington

Autorreporte de accidentes de tránsito en una encuesta nacional en la población urbana de Perú
Wong, Paolo; Gutiérrez, César; Romaní, franco

Cobertura real de la Ley de Atención de Emergencia y del Seguro Obligatorio contra Accidentes de Tránsito (SOAT)
Miranda, J. Jaime; Rosales-Mayor, Edmundo; Gianella, Camila; Paca-Palao, Ada; Luna, Diego; Lopez, Luis; Huicho, Luis; Equipo PIAT

Cansancio y somnolencia en conductores de ómnibus interprovinciales: estudio comparativo entre formalidad e informalidad
Liendo, Gustavo R.; Castro, Carla L.; Rey de Castro, Jorge


Revisión

Medidas y estrategias para la prevención y control de los accidentes de tránsito: experiencia peruana por niveles de prevención
Málaga, Hernán

Cansancio y somnolencia durante el desempeño laboral de los conductores interprovinciales: experiencia peruana y planteamiento de propuestas
Rey de Castro, Jorge; Rosales-Mayor, Edmundo

Simposio

Traumatismos causados por el tránsito en países en desarrollo: agenda de investigación y de acción
Min Huang, Cheng; Lunnen, Jeffrey C.; Miranda, J. Jaime; Hyder, Adnan A.

Reduciendo el trauma y la mortalidad asociada a los accidentes de tránsito en los peatones en el Perú: intervenciones que pueden funcionar
Quistberg, D. Alex; Miranda, J. Jaime; Ebel, Beth

Supervisando la seguridad vial en el Perú
Sagástegui, Freddy

Monitoreo del sueño en conductores de ómnibus y camiones: factor relevante a considerar para la renovación de la licencia de conducir
Rey de Castro, Jorge; Rosales-Mayor, Edmundo

Aspectos psicosociales y accidentes en el transporte terrestre
Morales-Soto, Nelson; Alfaro-Basso, Daniel; Gálvez-Rivero, Wilfredo

Sección Especial

Evaluación situacional, estructura, dinámica y monitoreo de los sistemas de información en accidentes de tránsito en el Perú - 2009
Miranda, J. Jaime; Paca-Palao, Ada; Najarro, Lizzete; Rosales-Mayor, Edmundo; Luna, Diego; Lopez, Luis; Huicho, Luis; Equipo PIAT

Bajar documento

Tuesday, December 13, 2011

Distributional effects of the Panama Canal expansion

Author: Bussolo, Maurizio; De Hoyos, Rafael E.; Medvedev, Denis
Policy Research working paper no. WPS 5848
World Bank
October 2011


This paper uses a dynamic macro-micro framework to evaluate the potential distributional effects of the expansion of the Panama Canal. The results show that large macroeconomic effects are only likely during the operations phase (2014 and onward), and income gains are likely to be concentrated at the top of the income distribution. The additional foreign exchange inflows during the construction and operations phases result in the loss of competitiveness of non-Canal sectors (Dutch disease) and in higher domestic prices, which hurt the poorest consumers. In addition, the construction and operation activities increase demand for more educated non-farm formal workers. Although these changes encourage additional labor movement out of agriculture and from the informal to the formal sector, much of the impact is manifested in growing wage disparities and widening income inequality. Using the additional revenues of the Canal expansion in a targeted cash transfer program such as "Red de Oportunidades", the Government of Panama could offset the adverse distributional effects and eradicate extreme poverty.

Bajar documento

Informe de la Reunión de Expertos sobre la situación actual y perspectivas de la integración centroamericana

CEPAL
Unidad de Comercio Internacional e Industria
Noviembre 2011

A lo largo de su historia, la Sede Subregional de la CEPAL en México ha trabajado en el tema de la integración centroamericana, haciendo estudios sobre este proceso; ha ofrecido asistencia técnica y ha facilitado la comunicación y coordinación entre los distintos actores involucrados en el tema de la integración centroamericana.

La Reunión de Expertos sobre la situación actual y perspectivas de la integración centroamericana tiene el propósito de dar seguimiento a los avances en este proceso; a la luz, sobre todo, de los compromisos asumidos por los presidentes centroamericanos en su reunión extraordinaria en San Salvador en julio de 2010.

La declaración conjunta y el plan de trabajo aprobados por los presidentes de cada uno de los países de Centroamérica representan un avance importante en el ámbito de la integración centroamericana. La declaración le dio un sentido estratégico a la integración al centrarla en cuatro temas fundamentales: la seguridad, el cambio climático y la prevención de desastres, la integración económica y la integración social. También atendió a la necesidad de fortalecer la institucionalidad que debe dar seguimiento y asegurar una visión regional a este proceso de mayor interdependencia en distintos ámbitos.

Bajar documento

Effect on road traffic injuries of criminalizing road traffic offences: a time–series study

Ana M Novoa, Katherine Pérez, Elena Santamariña-Rubio & Carme Borrell
Agència de Salut Pública de Barcelona
Bulletin of the World Health Organization 2011;89:422-431
March 2011


Objectives. We assessed the effectiveness of the penalty points system (PPS) introduced in Spain in July 2006 in reducing traffic injuries.

Methods. We performed an evaluation study with an interrupted time–series design. We stratified dependent variables—numbers of drivers involved in injury collisions and people injured in traffic collisions in Spain from 2000 to 2007 (police data)—by age, injury severity, type of road user, road type, and time of collision, and analyzed variables separately by gender. The explanatory variable (the PPS) compared the postintervention period (July 2006 to December 2007) with the preintervention period (January 2000 to June 2006). We used quasi-Poisson regression, controlling for time trend and seasonality.

Results. Among men, we observed a significant risk reduction in the postintervention period for seriously injured drivers (relative risk [RR] = 0.89) and seriously injured people (RR = 0.89). The RRs among women were 0.91 (P = .095) and 0.88 (P < .05), respectively. Risk reduction was greater among male drivers, moped riders, and on urban roads. Conclusions. The PPS was associated with reduced numbers of drivers involved in injury collisions and people injured by traffic collisions in Spain.

Access the document

Greenhouse gas issues in the North American trucking industry

Philippe Barla
From the issue entitled "Special Issue: Transport, energy and greenhouse gases: perspectives on demand limitation"
Guest Editors: Charles Raux & Martin E.H. Lee-Gosselin
Energy Efficiency, Volume 3, Number 2

In this paper, we examine some the issues associated with reducing greenhouse gas emissions in the North American trucking industry. We review some basic descriptive statistics to apprehend the basic conditions in the three countries of North America and describe the North American trucking industry and the changes in its GHG performance. We also present some of the policies that have been either implemented or are being considered to reduce trucking GHG emissions. We then discuss some of the issues involved in choosing instruments to reduce trucking emissions. Specifically, we discuss the following instruments: incentives and standard to improve truck fuel efficiency, a tax on CO2, and tradable permits systems.

Access the document

Oil prices and maritime freight rates: An empirical investigation

UNCTAD
April 2010


Oil is the major energy source powering the global economy, supplying 95% of all the energy used in world transport.

Maritime transport, which carries over 80% of the volume of global merchandise trade, relies heavily on oil for propulsion, and in view of the limitations imposed by existing technology and costs, it is not yet in a position to adopt effective energy substitutes.

With oil becoming increasingly scarce and more costly to produce, and with prices having already risen to close to $150 per barrel (pb) in July 2008, the question of how changes in oil prices affect shipping costs is of considerable interest.

For the trade of many developing countries, excessive international transport costs already pose a considerable obstacle.

To help improve understanding of oil prices as a determinant of transport costs, UNCTAD conducted an empirical analysis of the relationship between oil prices and maritime freight rates. While the analysis focused on container transport, it also covered some dry and wet bulk trades, namely, iron ore and crude oil.

The findings of the analysis, presented in a technical report entitled Oil Prices and Maritime Freight Rates: An Empirical Investigation, confirm that rising oil prices drive up maritime freight rates in all three trades examined, with estimated elasticities varying, depending on the market segment and the specification.

For container trade, the effect of oil prices on container freight rates is estimated to be larger in periods of sharply rising and more volatile oil prices, compared to periods of low and stable oil prices.

These results entail some potentially important implications for maritime transport and trade, if oil prices resume the spiralling trend observed in 2007 and 2008 and sustain high and possibly unprecedented levels.

In view of the heavy reliance of maritime transport on oil for propulsion, further analytical work on the effect of energy prices on maritime freight rates is urgently required, especially as rising fuel costs may lead to proportionately higher maritime transport costs for developing countries.

In this context, energy security and investments in alternative, greener energy and technology for cost-efficient and sustainable maritime transportation conducive to trade and development are of the essence.

Download document

Greenhouse gas emissions from aviation and marine transportation: Migration potential and policies

David McCollum
Gregory Gould
David Greene
The Pew Center on Global Climate Change
December 2009


Combined, aviation and marine transportation are responsible for approximately 5 percent of total greenhouse (GHG) emissions in the United States and 3 percent globally and are among the fastest growing modes in the transportation sector. Controlling the growth in these emissions will be an important part of reducing emissions from the transportation sector. A range of near-, medium- and long-term mitigation options are available to slow the growth of energy consumption and GHG emissions from aviation and marine shipping. Implementation of these options could result in reductions of more than 50 percent below BAU levels by 2050 from global aviation and more than 60 percent for global marine shipping. For these reductions to be realized, however, international and domestic policy intervention is required. Developing an effective path forward that facilitates the adoption of meaningful policies remains both a challenge and an opportunity.

“Aviation and Marine Transportation: GHG Mitigation Potential and Challenges” presents an introduction to aviation and marine transportation and a discussion of the determinants of GHG emissions from transportation; gives overview of current emissions and trends and growth projections; explains the technological mitigation options and potential GHG emission reductions; and discusses policy options at both the domestic and international level to achieve deep and durable reductions in emissions.

Press Release

Download the report

Utilizing Information Technology in Innovative Marketing Approaches for Public Transportation

William P. Morris, Kelly Robertson, Jeremy Spinks
National Center for Transportation Research
Center for Urban Transportation Research
University of South Florida
February 2010


The original objective of this study is to scan the internet and other information technology sources to identify innovative marketing techniques that have been attempted to date by, in and surrounding the public transportation industry, and to solicit ideas for more unconventional applications that transit agencies and TDM professionals can consider. The investigation led to the uses, applications, marketing and communications potential of social media for the public transportation and Transportation Demand Management industries. Social media afford low cost, high impact techniques that can be easily and quickly employed to reach target markets and audiences. The study also provides tools, in the form of a guidebook and dedicated website, for transit agencies to use the various social media for their own tailored marketing approaches. Social media tools addressed in the study include social networks, weblogs, audio/video blogs, microblogs, photo and video sharing, and user-generated content. In each, specific examples of applications for the public transit and Transportation Demand Management industries is examined and explained. The guidebook provides clear instructions for how agencies can utilize the media and the projected benefits, and is complete with embedded links to resources and information. There is also a dedicated website, www.gosocialtransit.com that accompanies the guidebook and provides an overview of each media and links to industry applications.

Download the final report.

Download the guidebook Routes to New Networks: A Guide to Social Media for the Public Transportation Industry

Thursday, December 8, 2011

Understanding how ecodriving public education can result in reduced fuel use and greenhouse gas emissions

E. Martin, N. D. Chan, and S. A. Shaheen.
Innovative mobility
Submitted to TRB Annual Meeting 2012
November 2011


Ecodriving, the concept of changing driving behavior and vehicle maintenance to impact fuel consumption and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in existing vehicles, has gained recent prominence in North America. One ecodriving strategy involves public education through Internet-based information dissemination. This paper presents the results of a controlled stated-response study conducted with approximately 100 University of California, Berkeley faculty, staff, and students, assessing the effectiveness of static ecodriving web-based information. A comparison of the experimental and control groups found that exposure to ecodriving information influenced people's driving behavior and maintenance practices. The experimental group's distributional shift was statistically significant, particularly for key practices including: lower highway cruising speed, driving behavior adjustment, and proper tire inflation. Within the experimental group (N = 51), fewer respondents significantly changed their maintenance practices (16%) than the majority that altered some driving practices (71%); this suggests intentional altering of driving behavior is easier than planning better maintenance practices. A comparison of before- and after-surveys found that 57% of the experimental group improved their ecodriving behavior, while 43% made no change or worsened. Key characteristics of the drivers that improved include: being female, living in smaller households, and owning a newer car with higher fuel economy. While it was evident that not everyone modifies their behavior as a result of reviewing the website, even small shifts in behavior due to inexpensive information dissemination could be deemed cost effective in reducing fuel consumption and emissions.

Bajar documento

Thursday, December 1, 2011

Plan Quinquenal de Transporte Argentino 2012-2016

Secretaria de Transporte
2011


La Secretaría de Transporte del Ministerio de Planificación Federal, Inversión Pública y Servicios de la Nación presenta estas "Bases para un Plan Quinquenal del Transporte 2012-2016" a los Sectores del Trabajo, Empresarial, Profesional y Gubernamental, como documento Institucional para el análisis, debate y posterior síntesis.

Los invitamos a dejar en esta página sus comentarios y perspectivas para la construcción de un plan estratégico para el sector. Los aportes pueden ser tanto técnicos, como experiencias laborales y de la vida cotidiana".

También se pueden enviar contribuciones a PLANDETRANSPORTE@GMAIL.COM

Ir al plan

Friday, October 28, 2011

Performance-based Road Rehabilitation and Maintenance Contracts (CREMA) in Argentina: A review of fifteen years of experience (1996-2010)

Maria Marcela Silva and Gerard Liautaud
World Bank
Transport Papers - 36
September 2011

Photo from the publication

1. The National Road Network of Argentina
2. Origins and Definition of the CREMA contracts
3. Evolution in the Procurement and the Design Standards of the CREMA
4. The Market’s Response to the CREMA System
5. Impact of the CREMA on the Condition of the National Road Network
6. Cost Effectiveness of the CREMA System
7. Bank's Strategy and Role in the Road Sector in Argentina
8. Lessons Learned

ANNEX 1: Penalties for Non-Compliance with Mandated Requirements CREMA Contracts (2009)
ANNEX 2: Cost Structure of the CREMA
ANNEX 3: CREMA in the Provinces of Argentina
ANNEX 4: Typical Examples of Contractual Requirements and Specifications for a Homogeneous Road Section
ANNEX 5: Summary Findings of Technical Audits Carried out Between 2009 and 2009
ANNEX 6: Photos of CREMA Works, 2007 - 2008
APPENDIX 1: Terms of Reference - Technical Audits for CREMA contracts in Argentina

Bajar documento

Friday, October 21, 2011

Bus rapid transit systems and beyond: Exploring the limits of a popular and rapidly growing urban transport system

David Sorg
Master Thesis - MSc in Spatial Development and Infrastructure Systems
ETH - Zurich
July 2011

Image from the publication

In the last decade, the world has seen a massive growth in the number of bus rapid transit systems (BRT). This growth was sparked off by the successful implementation of the first BRT system in Curitiba (Brazil) in the 1970s. BRT aims at providing cost-effective urban transport at a high quality of service, and it doubtlessly is a step ahead in the quest for affordable and improved urban public transport. However, rail-based systems are still a valid alternative for situations in which the limits of BRT systems are reached. Therefore, a main objective of this master thesis is to explore the limitations of BRT systems in urban areas. For this purpose, this work analyses the performance of different BRT systems regarding quality of service, capacity, and cost-efficiency. Threshold levels in passenger demand for choosing between modes are identified by means of a parametric cost model. Findings indicate that BRT has cost and quality advantages over conventional bus and light rail transit (LRT) operation at demand levels between ca. 250 and 2000 spaces per hour per direction. BRT proves to be especially favourable compared to LRT in situations where labour costs are low, where a high commercial speed can be achieved, where frequent services are desired, and where high vehicle load factors are tolerated. Empirical data show that in comparison to conventional bus systems, BRT offers particular quality advantages regarding capacity, accessibility, comfort, safety, and image.

Bajar documento

Muenster, Germany: An example of promoting cycling in cities - Components of a high quality bicycle infrastructure. A short survey

Case studies in sustainable urban transport #2
GIZ SUTP
March 2011


GIZ SUTP released its next document in the case study series. The document is titled "An Example of Promoting Cycling in Cities – Components of a High Quality Bicycle Infrastructure". This study introduces Muenster’s initiatives to promote cycling and outlines specifications and essentials of its bicycle infrastructure. It provides a case study and orientation for transport planners and policy makers who want to develop similar bicycle-based sustainable urban transport systems in their cities. The document is 22 pages long, full colour pictures.

Logged-in SUTP users can download the document directly here (5MB). Unregistered users will need to register here first and proceed to login and then download the document.

 Bajar documento

Thursday, October 20, 2011

White paper on transport

Roadmap to a single european transport area — Towards a competitive and Resource-efficient transport system
European Comission
March 2011



This illustrated brochure comprises the text of the european commission’s White Paper ‘roadmap to a single european transport area — towards a competitive and resource-efficient transport system’ (com (2011) 144 final of 28 march 2011) and a foreword by vice-president Siim Kallas, commissioner for transport. 

The European Commission adopted a roadmap of 40 concrete initiatives for the next decade to build a competitive transport system that will increase mobility, remove major barriers in key areas and fuel growth and employment. At the same time, the proposals will dramatically reduce Europe's dependence on imported oil and cut carbon emissions in transport by 60% by 2050 .

By 2050, key goals will include:
  • No more conventionally-fuelled cars in cities. 
  • 40% use of sustainable low carbon fuels in aviation; at least 40% cut in shipping emissions. 
  • A 50% shift of medium distance intercity passenger and freight journeys from road to rail and waterborne transport. 
  • All of which will contribute to a 60% cut in transport emissions by the middle of the century.
Bajar brochure

Versión en castellano

Versión en inglés

Watch the video on the White Paper, check out the 50 Facts and Figures on Transport

Cities for mobility

Cities for mobility
2-2011
October 2011


The second edition of the Cities for Mobility eMagazine in 2011 is published. Among other interesting topics, this edition of the e-Magazine provides information on the fifth Cities for Mobility World Congress, which took place in Stuttgart in July 2011.

Content:
  • Bus rapid transit systems and beyond: Exploring the limits of a popular and rapidly growing urban transport system
  • Bicycle City Berhampur
  • The ‘Field of Dreams’ Mentality: Why it takes more than good infrastructure to change our travel behaviour


Bajar documento

Mexico City’s Newest BRT Line goes from Historic Center to the Airport

ITDP
Octubre 20 2011


La ciudad de México está desarrollando la línea 4 de BRT. El recorrido irá del centro histórico al aeropuerto y estará interconectado con los otros sistemas de Transporte como el metro, tren suburbano y otras líneas de Metrobus y rutas de microbuses. El tiempo de viaje de los pasajeros será reducido de una hora y media a cincuenta minutos.


  Ir al post
  Ver post de Transeúnte

Wednesday, October 19, 2011

Estrategias para el desarrollo Portuario y Urbano de Buenos Aires

Ing. Jorge E. Abramian
Cámara Argentina de la Construcción
Octubre 2010


Desde hace algunos años existen opiniones encontradas sobre la capacidad del puerto para seguir respondiendo a la demanda de servicios y sobre la necesidad de relocalizar las actividades portuarias. Este informe brinda datos para permitir la evaluación de los conflictos generados en el uso de los espacios costeros y el tránsito, estima las necesidades futuras del comercio exterior, incluye consideraciones sobre la expansión del sistema portuario con la perspectiva del crecimiento de los movimientos de cargas en el Río de la Plata y analiza las posibilidades de compatibilización de usos en la franja costera. En suma, trata de responder a las siguientes preguntas: ¿Qué dimensión tienen los conflictos Puerto-Ciudad?¿es conveniente y/o posible la relocalización del Puerto Buenos Aires? ¿De qué manera y hasta qué punto se pueden compatibilizar las actividades portuarias con el desarrollo de la Ciudad?

Bajar documento

Friday, October 14, 2011

Special Issue: Latin-American Transport Research

Networks and spatial economics
Special Issue: Latin-American Transport Research
Volume 11, Number 3 / September 2011
Guest Editors: Víctor Cantillo and José Holguín-Veras


Preface Special Issue on Latin-American Transport Research
Víctor Cantillo and José Holguín-Veras
391-392

On the Treatment of Repeated Observations in Panel Data: Efficiency of Mixed Logit Parameter Estimates María Francisca Yáñez, Elisabetta Cherchi, Benjamin G. Heydecker and Juan de Dios Ortúzar
393-418

Econometric Effects of Utility Order-Preserving Transformations in Discrete Choice Models
Francisco Javier Amador and Elisabetta Cherchi
419-438

A Hierarchical Gravity Model with Spatial Correlation: Mathematical Formulation and Parameter Estimation Louis de Grange, Angel Ibeas and Felipe González
439-463

Special Issue on Latin-American Research: A Time Based Discretization Approach for Ship Routing and Scheduling with Variable Speed
Ricardo A. Gatica and Pablo A. Miranda
465-485 

New Models for Commercial Territory Design
María Angélica Salazar-Aguilar, Roger Z. Ríos-Mercado and Mauricio Cabrera-Ríos
487-507

An Experimental Economics Investigation of Shipper-carrier Interactions in the Choice of Mode and Shipment Size in Freight Transport
Jose Holguín-Veras, Ning Xu, Gerard de Jong and Hedi Maurer
509-532

 Lumpy Investment in Regulated Natural Gas Pipelines: An Application of the Theory of the Second Best Dagobert L. Brito and Juan Rosellón
533-553

 “Special Issue on Latin-American Research” Maritime Networks, Services Structure and Maritime Trade Laura Márquez-Ramos, Inmaculada Martínez-Zarzoso, Eva Pérez-García and Gordon Wilmsmeier
555-576

Ir a la tabla de contenidos

Wednesday, October 12, 2011

World Bank gender transport surveys: An overview

Julie Babinard
Transport Notes Series
TRN-43
September 2011

Between 2008 and 2010 the transport sector initiated several country surveys to measure road transport needs and the constraints of both men and women, and more specifically how transport is facilitating or constraining access to resources, markets, and employment. These surveys were conducted as part of a lending operation or Economic Sector Work (ESW) with financial support from the Gender Action Plan (GAP), which seeks to advance women’s economic empowerment and accelerate the implementation of the Millennium Development Goal 3 (MDG3—promoting gender equality and women’s empowerment).

A report that reviews the methodology used for each country GAP-funded survey, the design and content of the questionnaires and the likely effect on the analysis shows that women tend to have access to a wider range of social and economic opportunities when transportation is available, safe and secure.

Bajar documento

Monday, September 12, 2011

Ingeniería de caminos rurales: Guía de campo para las mejores prácticas de gestión de caminos rurales

Gordon Keller & James Sherar
US Forest Service International Programs -Brochure-
Enero 2008

Imagen de la publicación

El objetivo fundamental de esta guía es poder ayudar a ingenieros, planificadores, especialistas ambientales y administradores de caminos a tomar buenas decisiones, proteger el ambiente, y construir buenos caminos de bajo volumen. Los aspectos claves que deberían tomarse en cuenta durante la planificación de un proyecto de camino son los cambios o los impactos negativos que pueden inducirse en una cierta región por la presencia del camino, los cuales pueden resultar importantes a la vez que irreversibles o que pueden ser difíciles de mitigar. Por lo tanto, habrá necesidad de analizar la rentabilidad a largo plazo de un proyecto de camino, en lo que se refiere a costos en los aspectos sociales, ambientales y fiscales.

Bajar documento

Tuesday, September 6, 2011

Recapturing global leadership in Bus Rapid Transit: A survey of select U.S. cities

Annie Weinstock, Walter Hook, Michael Replogle, and Ramon Cruz
ITDP
May 2011


Bus Rapid Transit was first implemented in Curitiba, Brazil in 1974, and has become a global phenomenon in the twenty-first century. Major new BRT projects have opened since the turn of the century in Africa, Australia, China, India, Indonesia, Iran, Mexico, Turkey, several cities in Europe, and dozens of cities in Latin America.

BRT holds great promise for the United States. In 2008, transit ridership in the United States reached its highest level since the mid-1950s and ridership grew faster than population and vehicle miles travelled between 1995 and 2008 [APTA 2010 Fact Book]. The flexibility and cost effectiveness of Bus Rapid Transit make it an excellent choice for cities and transit agencies facing both increasing demand for transit and increasingly constrained budgets.

Bajar documento

Fact sheet

Press release

Guangzhou, China Bus Rapid Transit: Emissions Impact Analysis

Colin Hughes
ITDP
May 2011


The first phase of the Guangzhou Bus Rapid Transit (GZ BRT) opened in February of 2010, and it has already become an important demonstration of the efficacy and efficiency of high-capacity, full-featured BRT in Asia. In recent years over a dozen lowvolume bus rapid transit systems have sprung up throughout Asia. GZ BRT breaks this trend, with the first BRT system outside of South America with a daily volume comparable to, and in many cases in excess of, an urban metro-rail. Before GZ BRT, Zhongshan Avenue’s traffic speeds were plummeting and hundreds of buses blocked
traffic while struggling to pick up passengers on crowded curbs. Today, travel speeds are up 29% for buses and 20% for mixed traffic, and bus riders wait in safety and comfort in new high-quality center-median stations.

The analysis of GZ BRT presented here, after just one year of operation, examines aspects of the system design, performance, cost-recovery, and emissions reduction of Asia’s first metro-scale BRT.

Bajar documento

Bajar press release

Landscape fragmentation in Europe

European Environment Agency
September 2011

Image from the publication

There is an increasing need and interest in including indicators of landscape fragmentation in monitoring systems of sustainable development, biodiversity, and landscape quality. We recommend that the results presented in this report be used for this purpose and be updated on a regular basis to detect trends in the development of landscape fragmentation.

Therefore, this report discusses the use of fragmentation analysis presented in this report as a tool for performance review in transportation planning and regional planning and recommends a set of measures to control landscape fragmentation, such as more effective protection of remaining unfragmented areas and wildlife corridors, the setting of targets and limits and a European defragmentation strategy. This study provides for the first time an accurate measurement of landscape fragmentation for most of the European continent, which supports managers and policymakers in allocating resources towards the protection and restoration of biodiversity and landscape quality. The report also identifies future research needs.

Bajar documento en PDF (12.6 MB)

Friday, August 26, 2011

Parking Measures and Policies Research Review

Transport Research Laboratory
May 2010


This project investigated the evidence about the impact of different types of parking measures and policies on road traffic, congestion and transport safety, car ownership, on the level of carbon emissions from transport, on the activity of businesses, and on townscapes. The focus was mainly though not wholly, on urban areas. It has involved a Systematic Review of evidence from original and relevant studies.

*Good bibliography

Bajar documento

Wednesday, August 24, 2011

A guide to reducing the impact of urban transport on the climate

Umwelt Bundes Amt
2010


Many towns and cities have made efforts to design urban transport strategies that are more environmentally friendly. UBA‘s new Guide to reducing the impact of urban transport on the climate outlines which action plans make for successful climate protection schemes. The guide emphasises measures with high climate protection potential that can be decided on by municipal administrations.

Bajar documento

Monday, August 22, 2011

Evaluando la gestión en Lima al 2010: Primer informe de resultados sobre calidad de vida

Observatorio Ciudadano Lima cómo vamos
Agosto 2011


Se presenta el documento “Evaluando la Gestión en Lima al 2010. Primer Informe sobre Calidad de Vida”, elaborado por el observatorio ciudadano Lima Cómo Vamos, que recopila datos relevantes sobre la gestión metropolitana, distrital y de otras entidades públicas que tienen injerencia en la calidad de vida de los ciudadanos.

Bajar documento

La brecha de infraestructura en América Latina y el Caribe

Daniel E. Perrotti
Ricardo J. Sánchez
CEPAL
Serie Recursos Naturales e Infraestructura
Julio de 2011
85 pp.

La infraestructura económica constituye un herramental de alto impacto en la reducción de la pobreza y el logro del desarrollo económico sostenido. En América Latina y el Caribe, los últimos años han mostrado una disminución en las inversiones destinadas con este fin, lo que ocasionó un distanciamiento entre los requerimientos de infraestructura y la provisión efectiva de la misma.

En el presente documento se utilizaron metodologías alternativas para cuantificar esta brecha. Como resultado, se determinó que sería necesario invertir anualmente en torno al 5,2% del PBI regional (unos 170.000 millones de dólares de 2000) para dar respuesta a las necesidades que surgirán de las empresas y los consumidores finales de la región entre los años 2006 y 2020, mientra que si lo que se quiere es alcanzar los niveles de infraestructura per cápita de un conjunto de países del sudeste asiático las cifras anuales requeridas para igual período ascenderían al 7,9% del PBI (unos 260.000 millones de dólares de 2000). Teniendo en cuenta que la inversión en infraestructura observada en el último período conocido (2007-2008) ascendió al 2% del PBI, el esfuerzo por realizar se torna significativo. Sin embargo, una adecuada respuesta a estos requerimientos será un determinante clave del modo de inserción de la región en la economía mundial en el siglo XXI y en la calidad de vida de sus habitantes.

Bajar documento

Sistemas aeroportuarios, servicio público e iniciativa privada

Bernardo Sánchez Pavón
CEPAL
Serie Recursos Naturales e Infraestructura
Nº 154
Julio de 2011


El transporte aéreo ha adquirido una notoria importancia dentro los sistemas de transporte. Además de su tradicional contribución al desarrollo del turismo, se observa un incremento exponencial de la demanda de movilidad para personas y mercancías como consecuencia del crecimiento económico y de la globalización.

En los últimos decenios del pasado siglo, se ha cuestionado la idoneidad de la organización estatal para la provisión de ciertas necesidades sociales, abogando por una mayor implicación de la iniciativa privada en este ámbito y la consiguiente reducción del "espacio dominado" por el sector público. Como resulta fácil colegir, estos razonamientos han sido extrapolados al sector del transporte, postulándose como elementos catalizadores de su eficiencia.

A lo largo del presente trabajo, se efectúa un análisis de los movimientos privatizadores y liberalizadores en la esfera del transporte aéreo; de la desregulación y alguna de sus experiencias prácticas más significativas y del surgimiento del nuevo concepto de "servicios de interés general". Asimismo, se estudia el concepto de sistema aeroportuario y los modelos de gestión de los aeropuertos, haciendo especial hincapié en algunos de los implementados en Europa y América. Finalmente, y a modo de conclusión, se exponen varias reflexiones tendentes al establecimiento de unas líneas programáticas que permitan configurar sistemas aeroportuarios sostenibles y compatibles con la participación de diversos actores sociales.

Bajar documento

Tuesday, August 16, 2011

Dangerous by design: Solving the epidemic of preventable pedestrian deaths (and making great neighborhoods)

Surface Transportation Policy Partnership
Transportation for America



Dangerous by Design: Solving the Epidemic of Preventable Pedestrian Death (and Making Great Neighborhoods) ranks metropolitan areas based on the relative danger of walking.

Nearly 5,000 Americans die preventable deaths each year on roads that fail to provide safe conditions for pedestrians. More than 43,000 Americans – including 3,906 children under 16 – have been killed this decade alone. More than 76,000 Americans have died in the last 15 years. This is the equivalent of a jumbo jet going down roughly every month, yet it receives nothing like that kind of attention

This report is a joint effort of the Surface Transportation Policy Partnership and Transportation for America. Written by Michelle Ernst and Lilly Shoup, it builds on the research and analysis of a number of national organizations and policy experts who are working at the intersection of transportation, public health and safety, social equity, and the environment.

Acceder al documento

Dangerous by design 2011 - PDF

Site

PARADA: Pacto Nacional pela Redução de Acidentes no Trânsito - Um Pacto pela Vida

DENATRAN - Departamento Nacional de Tránsito
Julio 2011


A Assembléia Geral das Nações Unidas, através de Resolução A/64/L44, publicada no dia 02 de março de 2010, proclamou o período de 2011 a 2020 como a “Década de Ações para a Segurança Viária".

A resolução recomenda aos países membro a elaboração de um plano diretor para guiar as ações nessa área no decênio, tendo como meta de estabilizar e reduzir os acidentes de trânsito em todo o mundo e foi elaborada com base em estudos da Organização Mundial de Saúde que estimou, em 2009, cerca de 1,3 milhões de mortes por acidente de trânsito em 178 países. De acordo com os estudos da OMS o Brasil aparece em 5º lugar entre os países recordistas em acidentes de trânsito precedido pela Índia, China, EUA e Rússia.

Em atendimento à recomendação da Organização das Nações Unidas o ministro das Cidades, Mário Negromonte e o ministro da Saúde, Alexandre Padilha, lançaram dia 11 de maio de 2011 o Pacto Nacional pela Redução de Acidentes no Trânsito - Um Pacto pela Vida, que tem como objetivo de buscar o engajamento dos poderes executivo, legislativo e judiciário, nos três níveis de governo, e da sociedade civil na redução dos acidentes e violência no trânsito.

Um dos principais objetivos do Pacto Nacional é a construção do Plano Nacional de Redução de Acidentes e Segurança Viária para a Década 2011-2020.

Nesse sentido, o Comitê Nacional de Mobilização pela Saúde, Segurança e Paz no Trânsito, instituído pelo Decreto Presidencial de 19 de setembro de 2007, reuniu-se para discutir e elaborar uma proposta preliminar do plano brasileiro. Essa proposta apresenta um conjunto articulado de medidas intersetoriais, através das quais se estabelecem ações, metas e cronogramas de execução, visando a redução de acidentes e mortes no trânsito.

Ver página de la campanha

Bajar Plano en versión preliminar

Technical and operational challenges to inclusive Bus Rapid Transit: A guide for practitioners

World Bank
September 2010


The purpose of this guide is to bring recent international experience to bear on accessibility issues that challenge the ability of Bus Rapid Transit systems in less-wealthy countries to serve persons with disabilities, seniors, and others who especially benefit from inclusive design.

Bajar documento

Otros documentos acerca de acceso universal en transporte

Sistema de Informações da Mobilidade Urbana

Associação Nacional de Transportes Públicos - ANTP


O Sistema de Informações da Mobilidade Urbana, desenvolvido pela ANTP, em parceria com o BNDES, consiste em banco de dados e informações especialmente desenhado para permitir aos setores públicos federal, estaduais e municipais, o adequado acompanhamento das várias facetas de caráter econômico e social envolvidas na dinâmica do transporte e transito urbanos dos municípios brasileiros, com população superior a 60 mil habitantes.

Quais são os produtos?
Entre os produtos do Sistema de Informações da Mobilidade Urbana pode-se citar os seguintes:

  • Consolidação de dados básicos informados pelos municípios, como frota de ônibus, tarifas, quantidade de semáforos, etc.;
  • Geração de indicadores específicos, como Frota/habitante, IPK (Índice de Passageiros por Quilometro), Semáforo/habitante, etc.;
  • Geração de indicadores para séries históricas, como evolução da demanda, tarifa, custo etc., visando a monitoração dos impactos de políticas publicas para o setor;
  • Geração de indicadores agregados nacionais, que permitam a avaliação do setor em termos de custos e participação no PIB, no processo de produção e consumo da mobilidade urbana.


Características gerais

O Sistema de Informações da Mobilidade Urbana foi desenvolvido para agregar mais de 150 dados básicos dos 437 municípios, com 60.000 ou mais habitantes em 2003, obtidos por meio de questionário enviado pela ANTP e preenchidos pelos responsáveis do transporte e transito municipais e metropolitanos. A abrangência das áreas consideradas são as seguintes: ônibus municipais; ônibus metropolitanos; metro ferroviário; transito e mobilidade urbana.

Ir al SIMOB

Some decisions will last forever. An evaluation of a Swedish bicycle helmet wearing campaign

VTI
Reseach area: Traffic safety, Society and transport
2009

Photos from the publication

The aim of this study was evaluate the effect of a Swedish educational programme encouraging the use of bicycle helmets. Another to important aim was to use a theoretical model to explain which factors contribute to the prediction of cyclists’ intention to use a helmet. A non-representative sample consisting of employees working for the same insurance company located at three different locations in Sweden was selected. Two served as an experiment group and the third as a control or comparison group. Measurements were taken before and after the campaign.

The educational campaign was held by the Swedish Falck Ambulans. The session lasted for one hour. The emphasis of the campaign was to focus on accidents and injuries to the brain when not wearing a helmet. The participants were also given an opportunity to sign a bicycle helmet contract on receipt of which they received a helmet free of charge.

Data were collected using a web-based self-report survey. The results revealed that the proportion of people who used a helmet when biking to work had increased substantially amongst those having taken part in the session. It also showed that after the campaign the intention to use the helmet was greater amongst the experiment group than amongst the control group. The results showed that the Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB) was effective in the predicting of the intention to wear a helmet. The strongest predictor was perceived behavioural control followed by subjective norm. The weakest TPB predictor was the attitude. The prediction of helmet wearing intention was significantly improved when anticipated regret and past behaviour were added to the model. The results from the Transtheoretical model showed that participants in the experimental group had on average moved one step closer to a change. In sum, it could be concluded that an educational campaign, which also includes elements of endorsement (i.e. to be given a bicycle helmet when signing a contract to use the same), significantly increases the likelihood of using a bicycle helmet.

Acceder al documento (solamente en sueco)

High speed rail: Fast track to sustainable mobility

UIC
November 2010


High speed rail encompasses a complex reality involving many technical aspects such as infrastructure, rolling stock and operations, as well as strategic and cross-sector issues including human factors and financial, commercial, and managerial aspects.

In addition, the high speed rail system combines all these various elements by using the highest level of technology and the most advanced conception for each of them.

High speed is a rapidly expanding new transport mode and is often described as the 'transport mode of the future'. This is due to the three main and very important characteristics offered to customers and society: safety, capacity ('within velocity'), and sustainability (in particular respect to the environment).

Bajar brochure

Benchmarking de las cadenas logísticas del comercio exterior chileno

CEPAL
Julio 2008

En el marco del proyecto de la Universidad Católica de Valparaíso: "La Ciencia, La tecnología y las TIC's: fortalecen el sector logístico de Chile" que tiene como objetivo generar elaborar una estrategia de mejoramiento e implementando acciones que permitan activar la generación de negocios tecnológicos de clase mundial y elevar la capacidad competitiva de estos sectores económicos chilenos, mediante la integración y vinculación entre las empresas TICs, el sector público, universidades y el sector asociado a la Logística de Comercio Exterior chileno. Se organizó un Seminario y un taller de trabajo tendiendes a elaborar un diagnóstico mediante la discusión entre los distintos actores del sector público y privado, tendiente a generar una Agenda Estratégica para el sector logístico chileno.

Ir al sitio del proyecto

Integration and policy development thematic research summary

Transport Research Knowledge Center
January 2011

The theme of this TRS is Integration and Policy Development. The first part of the paper includes a brief analysis of the scope of the theme, and a policy review where the main policy developments at EU level are summarised.

The Integration and Policy Development theme is wide ranging, covering all transport modes and overlapping with several other themes. It includes upstream analysis of policy options, long-term visions and scenario-building, as well as transport planning aspects on a transversal level, e.g. taking into account economic, environmental, social, land use or other factors.

This paper summarises results of 12 projects (11 of them EU projects and 1 national activity), spread across four sub-themes:

  • Visions and scenarios
  • Transport and infrastructure planning - roadmaps
  • Multimodal networks and infrastructure
  • Policy assessment

Bajar documento

Monday, August 15, 2011

International Transport, Climate Change and Trade: What are the Options for Regulating Emissions from Aviation and Shipping and what will be their Impact on Trade?

ICTSD
Global Platform on Climate Change, Trade Policies and Sustainable Energy
October 2010

The purpose of this background paper is to give an overview of the regulation of international transport (aviation, shipping) in the face of climate change. This paper attempts to inform the different stakeholders in international transport on the direct relationship between international transport, trade and climate change. It also tries to give a clear insight into the economic impacts of transport regulation and the possible ways to offset these impacts for vulnerable countries. Thus, this paper aims to contribute to the discussion on the design and impacts of market-based solutions and other regulation instruments.

URL

Bajar documento

Diálogo regional de políticas de transporte urbano

BID
CODATU
Diciembre 2005

  • Políticas y estrategias en transporte urbano
  • Comparación en el desempeño de distintos tipos de sistemas de transporte público
  • Organización institucional para la gestión del tránsito y el transporte público
  • Gestión de concesiones de transporte público
  • Financiamiento del transporte público
  • Política nacional de transporte
  • El transporte urbano y su entorno
  • Grupos de trabajo nacionales

Bajar documento

Guidelines for the development of road safety master plans

Public Works and Infrastructure Development Department
Roads and Stormwater Division
Traffic Engineering and Operations Section

May 2009

The City of Tshwane Metropolitan Municipality is the administrative capital of the Republic of South Africa. The city is divided into 76 wards and a political representative (ward councillor) is elected for each ward. The city has a population of about two million people and is experiencing an annual population growth that is substantially higher than the national average for the country as a whole.

Tshwane is a city in transition and has a mix of established and historically disadvantaged areas. The disadvantaged areas are mainly situated to the north of the city. Since road safety in these areas was severely neglected in the past, the new municipality that came into being in 2000 was faced with the tremendous challenge of improving road safety and providing infrastructure in these areas. Fatality rates were high and the communities were discontented about the road safety situation.

The City of Tshwane acknowledged the problem and developed road safety master plans in collaboration with stakeholders and the community. The master plans mainly focused on the provision of engineering measures such as pedestrian bridges, walkways, raised pedestrian crossings, speed humps and loading facilities at schools, but due attention was also paid to education, awareness raising, law enforcement and evaluation.

The process has been found to be highly successful and has resulted in the City’s receiving a number of national and international awards. The process has now been implemented in all previously disadvantaged areas of the city and is being integrated in the established areas in the city.

Most of the road safety improvements in the City of Tshwane are targeted at areas with high levels of pedestrian activity. Low-income or disadvantaged communities are particularly vulnerable to pedestrian accidents. These communities often experience fatalities that are disproportionately high compared to communities with lower levels of pedestrian activity. In the past, there has been a tendency to address only the needs of motorised traffic; pedestrian needs have often been neglected.

The purpose of these guidelines is to provide an overview of the process of developing, implementing and maintaining road safety master plans as applied by the City. The process described in these guidelines has been refined through experience with a number of projects. It is a process that has been found to be highly acceptable to communities and to have a high level of sustainability. The process can readily be replicated in new areas and can therefore be applied generally for the development of road safety master plans.

Bajar documento

Implementing Congestion Charges

OECD
April 2010


Recent advances in the scientific understanding of urban traffic congestion have only strengthened the already solid case for congestion charges as an element of a successful urban transport policy. But examples of real-world congestion charging systems remain few and far between. What can be done to improve the chances of their more widespread adoption in practice? This report draws lessons from attempts to introduce congestion charges.

Technology is not an obstacle, and technologies should serve policy purposes instead of define them. Charging systems are not cheap and thus should only be used where congestion is severe. Public acceptance is seen to be the key to successful implementation. Although environmental benefits and careful deployment of toll revenues may improve acceptance, a charging system should never lose sight of its principal aim, which is to reduce congestion.

Bajar documento

Wednesday, August 10, 2011

Intelligent Transport Systems

Sustainable Urban Transport Project
September 2009



GTZ sourcebook module on "Intelligent Transport Systems" updated

Technology has been playing an important role in promoting vehicular safety, reducing driving stress, comfortable travel and increased efficiency of the whole transport system. These technologies applied in a package are called “Intelligent Transport System (ITS)”.

Often, policy-makers are in a situation where they are not properly informed on the right technological choices. The GTZ Sourcebook module on “Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS)” focuses on choices for a city and also informs the reader of the various available ITS options, their function and advantage.

The module was written by Mr. Phil Sayeg and Prof. Phil Charles and also updated by the authors.

Unregistered visitors may register here , login and proceed to download.

Web version

En español (2011):
Sistemas de transporte inteligentes
Módulo 4e
Transporte sostenible: Texto de referencia para formuladores de políticas públicas de ciudades en desarrollo

Tuesday, August 9, 2011

Developing Tajikistan's transport sector

Asian Development Bank
February 2011


As a small landlocked country, Tajikistan depends on external trade for its development, and its export-driven businesses in agriculture and industry require transport that is fast, reliable, and cheap. Tajikistan must increase its connectivity to world markets. The country partnership strategy for 2010–2014 aims to develop transport infrastructure, build human capacity, and achieve good governance. Tajikistan is active in the Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation (CAREC) Program, which aims to develop seamless connectivity in the region. Tajikistan has also developed a national transport sector master plan with Asian Development Bank (ADB) assistance. The plan is supportive of CAREC’s Transport and Trade Facilitation Strategy (2008–2018) and Tajikistan’s national development program. ADB will provide financial and technical assistance to support its implementation.

Contents

  • Preface
  • Transport Sector Profile
  • Challenges
  • Opportunities
  • Strategic Direction
  • Development Action Plan

Bajar documento

Monday, August 8, 2011

Assesing CO2 emissions: A new tool to mitigate climate change in inland transport

United Nations Development Account
2011


UNDA Project on CO2 emissions and ForFITS

The UNECE Transport Division initiated a new project to study the impact of inland transport on climate change and called the UN Development Account (UNDA) for funds to build up this project together with all UN Regional Commissions, as climate change is a global problem and needs a global solution. The funds for this 3 years project have been released and the work activities are in progress. The implementation of this project started in January 2011 and will be concluded in December 2013.

The main objective of the project is to enhance international cooperation and planning towards sustainable transport policies through the development and use of a standard monitoring and assessment tool for CO2 emissions in inland transport including a transport policy converter. This first activity within this project is to develop an information and analysis tool based on a uniform methodology for the evaluation of the emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2) in the inland transport sector (road, rail and waterways except national and international aviation and maritime transport), taking into account climate-relevant indicators, new transportation trends and the implementation of regional, national or local policy measures. CO2 emissions caused by international aviation and maritime transport are excluded from this project.

Ir al sitio del proyecto

Implementing sustainable urban travel policies in Mexico

International Transport Forum
Discussion Paper 2011 - 14
April 2011

This report describes the main challenges to urban travel in Mexico. We focus on some of the basic causes of urban transport problems, and we analyze some urban travel policies that could be considered good practices towards sustainable urban development. Mexico City is the emblematic case.

Bajar documento

Reading list on low carbon transport

GIZ - SUTP
April 2011


Transport is a fast growing sector. A steadily increasing motorisation along with urbanisation is a trend that can be observed in most developing countries. This and the oil dependence of the transport sector lead to considerable growth rates of carbon emissions. Actions to stop this trend are urgently needed. This paper shows how national and/or urban low-carbon transportation policies could help countries to achieve a smart, sustainable economic growth while at the same time stabilizing and later reducing transport emissions.

Sustainable Development Policies and Measures in the transport sector include a variety of co-benefits, e.g. reduced air pollution, social equity and economic development. In the context of the global economic crisis such measures promote economic growth, social stability and can also be implemented at reasonable costs.

The current document is one of the several efforts of GIZ-Sustainable Urban Transport Project to bring to the policymakers an easy to access list of available material. The document aims to list out some influential and informative resources that highlight the importance of low carbon transport in cities and shows opportunities to improve the existing situation.

Contents

  1. Policy and Practice Documents
  2. Case Studies
  3. Agreements and Submissions related to Climate Change and Transport
  4. Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMA) related
  5. Emissions related
  6. Cross-Cutting Issues


Registrarse y bajar documento

Urban transport and climate change action plans

GIZ - SUTP
May 2011


More and more cities around the world are developing dedicated Climate Change Action Plans to reduce Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions and improve the local air quality for their inhabitants. The transport sector usually plays a crucial role in any such strategy. In many cases, transportation is the primary source of CO2 and other GHGs, contributing up to 40 percent of the cities’ total emissions.

This paper summarises the measures outlined in Climate Change Action Plans of more than 30 cities in all continents. Its focus is on the actions proposed in the transport chapter of the relevant plans. However, in many cases other Urban Transport Planning documents (Transportation Master Plans, Land Use Plans, etc.) play a key role for implementing specific measures, while the Climate Action Plans outline the more general goals.

The measures initiated to reduce these negative impacts of urban transport take many forms. Increasing the share of public transport and non-motorised modes such as walking and cycling are core elements in many emission reduction strategies, but most often they are supplemented by other short-term and long-term measures. One key feature of most actions proposed is that they provide several co-benefits: many options not only reduce GHG emissions and improve air quality, but also enhance energy efficiency and – especially in the developing world – contribute to better transport services for the poor.

Registrarse y bajar documento

Consolidated resolution on road signs and signals

UNECE
Inland Transport Committee
Working Party on Road Traffic Safety
May 27 2010


The present document is submitted in conformity with the mandate of the Working Party on Road Traffic Safety (WP.1) as defined in document TRANS/WP.1/100/Add.1 (item 1(c)) which aims to develop, update and circulate the Consolidated Resolutions on Road Traffic (R.E.1) and on Road Signs and Signals (R.E.2). It contains all the recommendations on road signs that have been adopted by the WP.1 up to and including its fifty-ninth session (22-24 March 2010) and replaces all the previous versions of R.E.2

Bajar documento

International comparability of statistics on road traffic injuries

Harry Derriks
UNECE
62-session Working Party on Transport Statistics
July 2011

Why international comparison of statistics?
• Is comparison necessary? Yes

But why?
• For benchmarking
• To learn of each other
• To exchange knowledge about safety measures
• To cooperate international to develop together knowledge how to improve quality of life.

But also
• the possibility to get international insight in total volumes
• To develop international measures, for instance vehicle safety.

The base is formed with good statistics

Bajar presentación

The most of our money: Taxpayer friendly solutions for the nation's transportation challenges

Reason Foundation
Transportation for America
Taxpayers for common sense
May 2011

Photo from the publication

In the 20th Century, the United States built some of the world’s preeminent transportation systems, including a interstate highway network that’s second to none. The challenge for the 21st century is to maintain this infrastructure while expanding our ability to efficiently
move people and goods.

We face multiple challenges. Money is tight, as the gasoline tax we rely on to build and maintain our transportation network loses its earning power due to improved fuel efficiency and rising costs. Meanwhile, the nation’s transportation needs are increasing, as many of our roads, bridges, and railways fall deeper into a state of disrepair. All of this is occuring in the
context of trillion-dollar annual budget deficits and a $14 trillion national debt. There has never been a more critical time to do more with less.

This paper will introduce seven transportation tools – some big, some small – that can help improve our nation’s transportation system at taxpayer-friendly costs.

This paper offers some of the latest ideas and innovations that can inform the process as Congress writes the next six-year transportation bill. We hope members of Congress will be inspired to encourage, promote, and develop these and other cost-effective transportation measures.

Content:
  1. Transportation Scenario Planning: Finding Ways to Get the Biggest Bang for the Buck
  2. High Occupancy Toll Lanes (HOT Lanes): Increasing Capacity with Roadway Pricing
  3. Bus Rapid Transit (BRT): A Cost-Effective Rapid Transit Option
  4. Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS): Using Technology to Increase Capacity
  5. Intercity Buses: Connecting Communities with Taxpayer-Friendly Transportation
  6. Teleworking: Reducing Commuter Impacts on Congested Transportation Systems
  7. Local Street Connectivity: Protecting Investments in Major Corridors with Increased Local Connectivity

Press release

Bajar documento

Friday, August 5, 2011

Boletin informativo interno Nº 56 - 2011

Ministerio de Transporte y Obras Públicas - Uruguay
Nº56
Julio 2011

Destacados:

  • Aprender de Singapur
  • El Ministerio de Transporte y Obras Públicas procura acordar una Política de Estado en torno al transporte
  • Instituto de Logística avanza para apuntalar crecimiento del sector

Bajar documento